The Deepwater Horizon oil spill trajectory ensemble forecast from different numerical models
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This was a joint effort of the Ocean Circulation Group and the Optical Oceanography Laboratory at College of Marine Science, University of South Florida to track/predict the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico using simulated particles. Particle trajectories were calculated based on the surface currents from six different numerical ocean circulation models: the West Florida Shelf ROMS hindcast/forecast system from University of South Florida, the Gulf of Mexico HYCOM nowcast/forecast system from Naval Research Laboratory, the SABGOM nowcast/forecast system from North Carolina State University, the Global HYCOM + NCODA Analysis from the HYCOM Consortium, the RTOFS (Atlantic) hindcast/forecast system from NOAA Emvironmental Modeling Center, and the Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM) - Intra-Americas Sea Nowcast/Forecast System (IASNFS). Only four model results are shown here. Individual oil trajectory models can be accessed at http://ocgweb.marine.usf.edu/models.html. Different models are updated at different time, and their temporal and spatial resolutions also vary. More specific information may be available from the models' original wesites. It must be recognized that all forecast models have errors that grow with time for a variety of reasons. This is one reason why it is important to consider comparative analyses from several different models.
Virtual particles were released from the sunken rig site every three hours, assuming continuous oil spill from the well. The initial locations of the drifters were inferred from the latest satellite remotely sensed oil slick patches. Macondo well is designated by the red circle. The particles are shown as black dots, and their trajectries in magenta. Sea surface temperature (color contours, units in deg C) was superimposed with the surface current vectors to indicate the surface ocean circulation. The velocity data were subsampled every the third grid points in both east and north directions for better visulization. Questions or comments, please contact Prof. Robert H. Weisberg or Dr. Yonggang Liu.
An archive of previous nowcast/forecast results can be seen from http://ocg6.marine.usf.edu/~liu/oil.html.
View real satellite-tracked drifters in Gulf of Mexico at http://ocgweb.marine.usf.edu/~liu/drifter.html
- Liu, Y., R.H. Weisberg, C. Hu, and L. Zheng, 2011: Combining numerical ocean circulation models with satellite observations in a trajectory forecast system: A rapid response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Proceedings of SPIE Conference 8030, 80300K. doi:10.1117/12.887983.
- Weisberg, R.H., 2011: Coastal Ocean Pollution, Water Quality and Ecology: A Commentary, MTS Journal, 45(2), 35-42.
- Liu, Y., R.H. Weisberg, C. Hu, and L. Zheng, 2011: Satellites, models combine to track Deepwater Horizon oil spill. SPIE Newsroom, doi:10.1117/2.1201104.003575.
- Hu, C., R.H. Weisberg, Y. Liu, L. Zheng, K.L. Daly, D.C. English, J. Zhao, and G.A. Vargo, 2011: Did the northeastern Gulf of Mexico become greener after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill? Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L09601, doi:10.1029/2011GL047184.
- Liu, Y., R.H. Weisberg, C. Hu, and L. Zheng, 2011: Tracking the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: A modeling perspective, EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 92(6), 45-46, doi: 10.1029/2011EO060001. (EOS feature article)
- Liu, Y., A. MacFadyen, Z.-G. Ji, and R.H. Weisberg (Editors), 2011: Monitoring and Modeling the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: A Record-Breaking Enterprise, Geophysical Monograph Series, Vol. 195, 271 PP., ISSN: 0065-8448, ISBN 978-0-87590-485-6. AGU/geopress, Washington, D.C.
The nowcast/forecast system and other analyses/data are research products under development. No warranty is made, expressed or implied, regarding accuracy, or regarding the suitability for any particular application. All rights reserved University of South Florida. Copyright University of South Florida 05/06/2010.